The stars have been studied by human civilizations for thousands of years! As the Earth circles around the Sun, the sun, moon, and planets all go through each of the constellations from the vantage point of earth. This is called geocentric astrology, where the planets circle the zodiac around the earth. This circle in the sky is broken into 30 degree angles that make up each of the signs of the zodiac. As we are born, we have a galactic signature of the positions of the planets for the timing of our birth (to find your birth chart click here). The zodiac is a reflection of the cosmos, as the personalities are linked to the modalities of the seasons and their connection to the four elements that make up our material world.

The Zodiac Signs


Aries -The Ram: Impulsive, energetic, quick-tempered, leadership

Taurus - The Bull: Practical, determined, artistic, loving, stubborn, resistent to change

Gemini - The Twins: Versitile, clever, gifted communicators

Cancer - The Crab: Imaginative, emotional, sensitive, loyal, moody

Leo - The Lion: Exuberant, creative, egocentric, passionate

Virgo - The Virgin: Logical, analytical, intellectual, critical

Libra - The Scales: Balance, peaceful, artistic, social, percieves both sides of situations

Scorpio - The Scorpion: Sensual, Secretive, intensely emotional, imaginative, psychic, detective

Sagittarius - The Archer: Freedom-loving, expansive, open to new ideas, seekers of knowledge

Capricorn - The Goat: Disciplined, responsible, hardworking, ambitious, determined

Aquarius - The Water Bearer: Innovative, idealistic, humanitarian, intellectual, revolutionary

Pisces - The Fish: Emotional, romantic, impressionable, adaptable, imaginative, intuitive


Zodiac Sign Planetary Ruler Element Modality Approx. Sun Sign time* Body Part
Aries Mars Fire Cardinal March 21st-April 19th Head, Face
Taurus Venus Earth Fixed April 20th-May 20th Neck, Throat
Gemini Mercury Air Mutable May 21st-June 20th Arms, hands, lungs
Cancer Moon Water Cardinal June 21st-July 22nd Breasts, Stomach
Leo Sun Fire Fixed July 23rd-August 22nd Back, Spine, heart
Virgo Mercury Earth Mutable August 23th-Sept 22nd Intestines, nervous system
Libra Venus Air Cardinal Sept 23rd- October 22nd Buttocks, Kidneys
Scorpio Mars , Pluto Water Fixed October 23th-November 21st Genitals
Sagittarius Jupiter Fire Mutable November 22nd-December 21st Hips, Thighs
Capricorn Saturn Earth Cardinal December 22nd- January 19th Knees, Teeth, Bones, Skin
Aquarius Saturn , Uranus Air Fixed January 20th-February 18th Ankles, Nervous System
Pisces Jupiter , Neptune Water Mutable February 19-March 20th Feet

*The precession of the equinox is a 25,820 year cycle that has the vernal equinox shift into a new sign every 2,150 years (great month). This changes the position of the Sun in relation to the stars for every "great month". Traditional (topical) astrology doesn't consider this in determining your Sun sign; The vernal equinox is always the first day of the zodiac. Sidereal astrology is more scientific in the accuracy of the position of the Sun in relation to the stars.

The Four Elements

Fire fire - Warming, radiating, enthusiasm, encouragement, self expressive.

Water water- Sensitive, feeling, response, empathy.

Earth earth- Physical, Practical, improving material world.

Air Air - Intellect, expression, abstract ideas.



Cardinal () - Start of the season. Action. Initiative. Leadership. Outgoing activity.

Fixed () - Middle of the season. Persistent. Stability. Determination.

Mutable () - End of the season. Adaptability. Versatility. Openness to change.



The Planetary Influences

♁ Earth - The material manifestion of consciousness.

Sun - The will, passion, authority, creative ability, pride, ambition, self expression, determination, confidence

☽ Moon - The subconscious, instincts, habits, memory, imagination, receptivity, fertility, emotions, feelings, intuition, sensitivity.

☿ Mercury - The mind, intelligence, writing, communication, reasoning, perceptive, sarcastic, clever, inconsistent, argumentative, impressionable.

♀ Venus - Love, beauty, balance, harmony, peace, affection, sympathy, romance, friendship, music, art, flirtatious.

♂ Mars - Desire, energy, passion, assertiveness, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, adventurousness.

♃ Jupiter - Expansion, wisdom, enthusiasm, potimism, spontaneity, benevolence, generosity, increase, opportunity, rewards, abundance, tolerance, charity, ethics, confidence, faith, idealism, aspiration, loyalty, inspires, magnifies.

♄ Saturn - Limitation, endurance, persistence, discipline, caution, restraint, seriousness, stability, time, organization, consolidation, responsibility, conventionality, pessimism, perseverance, inhibits, delays, restricts, perfects, deepens, fear, worry, anxiety.

The next three planets (Uranus, Neptune, Pluto) were discovered with a telescope and was not included in ancient astrology.

♅ Uranus - Inventive, unconventional, peculiar, eccentric

♆ Neptune - Subconscious, hidden memmory, intuition, clairvoyance, ideals, goals, spirituality

♇ Pluto - Change, regeneration, transformation, elimination

Planet Approx. Revolutions Approx. Time in each zodiac sign Day of week
☉ Sun

365.25 Days around zodiac

(Great Year; 25,820 year cycle around the Zodiac. (Precession of the equinox)

About 30.4 days

(Great Month; 2,150 years (Precession of the Equinox))

☽ Moon 28 Day cycle around Earth 2.5 days Monday
☿ Mercury 88 Days around Sun close to Sun (within 28 degrees) Wednesday
♀ Venus 225 Days around Sun close to Sun (within 48 degrees) Friday
♂ Mars 687 Days around Sun usually 8 weeks, sometime 5-6 months Tuesday
♃ Jupiter 11 years 11 months around Sun 1 year Thursday
♄ Saturn 29.5 years around Sun 2 1/2 years Saturday
♅ Uranus 84 years 7 years  
♆ Neptune 164 years 14 years  
♇ Pluto 247 years 13-32 years  

The ancients used both solar and lunar calendars to measure time. The word month comes from "Moonth" which derives from Lunar time. Since the moon takes approximately 7 days for each quarter moon, the ancients described each of the 7 visible planets to each day of the week. Since the lunar calendars and the solar calendars do not match, there was never a consensous on time throughout human cultures. The Lunar calendar has 13 28-day cycles with one day left over. The Solar Calendar is based on the equinox and solstices of the cycles of the Sun, creating the four seasons, 365 days for the year, and a needed leap year every 4 years. The Gregorian (Solar) Calendar in use today was last reformed in 1582.